Module Weak


module Weak: sig .. end
Arrays of weak pointers and hash tables of weak pointers.


Low-level functions

type 'a t 
The type of arrays of weak pointers (weak arrays). A weak pointer is a value that the garbage collector may erase at any time. A weak pointer is said to be full if it points to a value, empty if the value was erased by the GC.

Notes:


val create : int -> 'a t
Weak.create n returns a new weak array of length n. All the pointers are initially empty. Raise Invalid_argument if n is negative or greater than Sys.max_array_length-1.
val length : 'a t -> int
Weak.length ar returns the length (number of elements) of ar.
val set : 'a t -> int -> 'a option -> unit
Weak.set ar n (Some el) sets the nth cell of ar to be a (full) pointer to el; Weak.set ar n None sets the nth cell of ar to empty. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.set" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.
val get : 'a t -> int -> 'a option
Weak.get ar n returns None if the nth cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is the value) if it is full. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.get" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.
val get_copy : 'a t -> int -> 'a option
Weak.get_copy ar n returns None if the nth cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is a (shallow) copy of the value) if it is full. In addition to pitfalls with mutable values, the interesting difference with get is that get_copy does not prevent the incremental GC from erasing the value in its current cycle (get may delay the erasure to the next GC cycle). Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.get" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.
val check : 'a t -> int -> bool
Weak.check ar n returns true if the nth cell of ar is full, false if it is empty. Note that even if Weak.check ar n returns true, a subsequent Weak.get ar n can return None.
val fill : 'a t -> int -> int -> 'a option -> unit
Weak.fill ar ofs len el sets to el all pointers of ar from ofs to ofs + len - 1. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.fill" if ofs and len do not designate a valid subarray of a.
val blit : 'a t -> int -> 'a t -> int -> int -> unit
Weak.blit ar1 off1 ar2 off2 len copies len weak pointers from ar1 (starting at off1) to ar2 (starting at off2). It works correctly even if ar1 and ar2 are the same. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.blit" if off1 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar1, or if off2 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar2.

Weak hash tables


A weak hash table is a hashed set of values. Each value may magically disappear from the set when it is not used by the rest of the program any more. This is normally used to share data structures without inducing memory leaks. Weak hash tables are defined on values from a Hashtbl.HashedType module; the equal relation and hash function are taken from that module. We will say that v is an instance of x if equal x v is true.

The equal relation must be able to work on a shallow copy of the values and give the same result as with the values themselves.

module type S = sig .. end
The output signature of the functor Weak.Make.
module Make: 
functor (H : Hashtbl.HashedType) -> S with type data = H.t
Functor building an implementation of the weak hash table structure.