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In this chapter, we introduced all the facilities that the Objective CAML module language offers, in particular parameterized modules.

As all module systems, it reflects the duality between interfaces and implementations, here presented as a duality between signatures and structures. Signatures allow hiding information about type, value or exception definitions.

By hiding type representation, we can make certain types abstract, ensuring that values of these types can only be manipulated through the operations provided in the module signature. We saw how to exploit this mechanism to facilitate sharing of values hidden in closures, and to offer multiple views of a given implementation. In the latter case, explicit type sharing annotations are sometimes necessary to achieve the desired behavior.

Parameterized modules, also called functors, go one step beyond and support code reuse through simple mechanisms similar to function abstraction and function application.

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