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arity of type constructors
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Date: 1997-05-21 (13:04)
From: John Harrison <John.Harrison@c...>
Subject: Re: arity of type constructors

David Monniaux writes:

| If you declare type t = T of int*int, it declares a type t whose only
| constructor takes two parameters, of respective types int and int, not a
| constructor that takes one paramete of type int*int. Thus it can't be
| applied to a pair.
| That is reflected in the way memory objects are handled. A constructor
| that takes a pair as an argument will have the following layout:
| T -> pair [ int
|           [ int
| if it has two arguments, the layout is the following:
| T [ int
|   [ int
| Using a pair adds one level of indirection.

In that case, what happens during pattern-matching? For example:

  >       Caml Light version 0.73
  #type triv = Triv of int*int;;
  Type triv defined.
  #let getpair = fun (Triv(p)) -> p;;
  getpair : triv -> int * int = <fun>
Is this sort of definition safe? Perhaps one should use the following
to ensure a pair is reconstructed:

  #let getpair = fun (Triv(a,b)) -> a,b;;