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Re: "while" with condition at end?
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Date: -- (:)
From: Pierre Weis <Pierre.Weis@i...>
Subject: Re: "while" with condition at end?
> Hello!
> 
> I have just found out that there is no loop construct that checks the
> termination condition at the end of the block. Is there some special
> reason to this?
> 
> I'd like to write something like e.g.
> 
>   do
>     ();
>     ...;
>   while (some_condition);
> 
> The only work-around is to either double the code and execute it once
> before a "normal" while-loop (not elegant). The other option is to put
> the block into a unit-function (a bit less efficient) and use it once
> before and than in the loop (also not very elegant).
> A construct of this kind would probably make the imperative features
> more complete.
> 
> Best regards,
> Markus Mottl
> 
> -- 
> Markus Mottl, mottl@miss.wu-wien.ac.at, http://miss.wu-wien.ac.at/~mottl

The introduction of a ``do ... while ...'' construct would introduce
ambiguities in the Caml grammar. It would be preferable to
introduce a new keyword for the new kind of loop, for instance

repeat
 actions
until
 cond
done

Or may be better, just change the keyword ``while'' into the keyword
``until'' to reflect the symetry between the two syntactic constructs
for imperative loops:

until cond
do
 actions
done

For the time being, there is a simple workaround (admittedly not as
nice as desirable): merge the ``actions'' and the ``condition'' into a
single sequence within a while loop with an empty body. In effect,

until cond
do 
 actions
done

is equivalent to

while actions; cond do () done

Alternatively, you may define your loop via a recursive function:

let rec repeat_loop () =
 actions;
 if not cond then repeat_loop () in
repeat_loop ()

Best regards,

Pierre Weis

INRIA, Projet Cristal, Pierre.Weis@inria.fr, http://cristal.inria.fr/~weis/