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use of camlidl
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Date: 1999-12-16 (11:54)
From: Xavier Leroy <Xavier.Leroy@i...>
Subject: Re: use of camlidl
> I'd like to give the caml name of the interfacing C function :
> for example, I have the function :
> void NP_do (int n , double val) ;
> With camlidl, I get the caml function nP_do: int -> float -> unit ;
> I'd like to have the name 'do' (in module np.ml :) )

"do" is problematic because it's a Caml reserved keyword.  But more to
the point, CamlIDL doesn't (yet) allow the Caml name of a function to
be specified, it derives it automatically from the name given in the
IDL file.  I admit an mlname(...) attribute on function declarations
could be useful, though.

> 2)
> I see in documentation (in section 3.7 page 10) 
>   value c2ml (ty * input) ;
>   void ml2c (value input, ty * output) ;
> But in generated C file, I see another argument : 'camlidl_ctx _ctx'
> So (after error during compilation) I added camlidl_ctx in function c2ml
> and ml2c but I don't use it (of course I don't know what is it :( )
>   value c2ml (ty * input, camlidl_ctx _ctx) ;
>   void ml2c (value input, ty * output, camlidl_ctx _ctx) ;
> That's right nevertheless ?

Yes.  The "camlidl_ctx" argument is useful if your c2ml and ml2c
functions need to perform dynamic allocation of C memory (a la
malloc()) and want the allocated memory to be automatically freed when
the stub code terminates.  If you don't need dynamic allocation in
your conversion functions, you can safely ignore the extra parameter.

> I have another trouble : I can't define a string array.
> I have the C function :
> void NP_initialize( int argc, char ** argv, int *err );
> Where argc is the length of the string array argv (of course) and err is
> an error code.
> I can't retrieve the 'string array' in ml file. I've got 'char option
> array'  ??
> void NP_initialize( [in] int argc, [in,length_is(argc)] char ** argv,
> [out] int *err );

You need to tell CamlIDL that those "char *" are really strings:

void NP_initialize( [in] int argc,
                    [in,length_is(argc),string*] char ** argv,
                    [out] int *err );

Hope this helps,

- Xavier Leroy