Version française
Home     About     Download     Resources     Contact us    
Browse thread
substring match like "strstr"
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: -- (:)
From: John Prevost <jmp@a...>
Subject: Re: substring match like "strstr"
>>>>> "es" == eijiro sumii <eijiro_sumii@anet.ne.jp> writes:

    >> Any ideas why strstr blows the others away?  What's the libc
    >> strstr look like?

    es> I have no idea, unfortunately...

I just grabbed the glibc version, and found the following comment at
the head of it:

/*
 * My personal strstr() implementation that beats most other algorithms.
 * Until someone tells me otherwise, I assume that this is the
 * fastest implementation of strstr() in C.
 * I deliberately chose not to comment it.  You should have at least
 * as much fun trying to understand it, as I had to write it :-).
 *
 * Stephen R. van den Berg, berg@pool.informatik.rwth-aachen.de */

Since the text of the function involves not only nasty gotos
(particularly frightening is "goto shloop;" but also pointer tricks
and register declarations, I'd say it's to be expected that it'll
outperform O'Caml.  I am, however, seeing if I can figure out the
essential algorithm used (if there's really anything smart to it) and
will let you know if I come up with anything extra special.

The file strstr.c is included below for your edification.  I'd argue
that any Caml version is likely to a be a wee bit easier to
understand.

John.


/* Return the offset of one string within another.
   Copyright (C) 1994, 1996, 1997 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.

   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Library General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
   License along with the GNU C Library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not,
   write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
   Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

/*
 * My personal strstr() implementation that beats most other algorithms.
 * Until someone tells me otherwise, I assume that this is the
 * fastest implementation of strstr() in C.
 * I deliberately chose not to comment it.  You should have at least
 * as much fun trying to understand it, as I had to write it :-).
 *
 * Stephen R. van den Berg, berg@pool.informatik.rwth-aachen.de	*/

#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include <config.h>
#endif

#if defined _LIBC || defined HAVE_STRING_H
# include <string.h>
#endif

typedef unsigned chartype;

#undef strstr

char *
strstr (phaystack, pneedle)
     const char *phaystack;
     const char *pneedle;
{
  register const unsigned char *haystack, *needle;
  register chartype b, c;

  haystack = (const unsigned char *) phaystack;
  needle = (const unsigned char *) pneedle;

  b = *needle;
  if (b != '\0')
    {
      haystack--;				/* possible ANSI violation */
      do
	{
	  c = *++haystack;
	  if (c == '\0')
	    goto ret0;
	}
      while (c != b);

      c = *++needle;
      if (c == '\0')
	goto foundneedle;
      ++needle;
      goto jin;

      for (;;)
        {
          register chartype a;
	  register const unsigned char *rhaystack, *rneedle;

	  do
	    {
	      a = *++haystack;
	      if (a == '\0')
		goto ret0;
	      if (a == b)
		break;
	      a = *++haystack;
	      if (a == '\0')
		goto ret0;
shloop:	    }
          while (a != b);

jin:	  a = *++haystack;
	  if (a == '\0')
	    goto ret0;

	  if (a != c)
	    goto shloop;

	  rhaystack = haystack-- + 1;
	  rneedle = needle;
	  a = *rneedle;

	  if (*rhaystack == a)
	    do
	      {
		if (a == '\0')
		  goto foundneedle;
		++rhaystack;
		a = *++needle;
		if (*rhaystack != a)
		  break;
		if (a == '\0')
		  goto foundneedle;
		++rhaystack;
		a = *++needle;
	      }
	    while (*rhaystack == a);

	  needle = rneedle;		/* took the register-poor approach */

	  if (a == '\0')
	    break;
        }
    }
foundneedle:
  return (char*) haystack;
ret0:
  return 0;
}