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[Caml-list] Unused .cma and .so
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Date: 2002-04-26 (08:18)
From: Xavier Leroy <xavier.leroy@i...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Unused .cma and .so
>  I used to think that linking a .cma when no module inside it is required
>  is completely hurtless. I was wrong: it seems that .so added during linking
>  of those .cma are loaded. To me, this seems a feature with a
>  counter-intuitive semantics.
>  Is there any way to disable this behaviour?

No, because it is actually necessary.

External functions declared in .mli files are expanded inline into
client code.  For instance, if we have a module A with signature

        external f : ... = "my_f"
        val g : ...

references to A.f in client code are expanded inline into C calls to "my_f",
while references to A.g leave an explicit reference to A in client code.

Now, assume that we have a.cma composed of the module A above and of
a C library defining my_f.  If the client code never references A.g,
the linker will correctly discard the Caml code for A.  However, it
must link so that inlined references to "my_f" are satisfied.  

If you're linking with ocamlopt or ocamlc -custom, the C linker will
be passed liba.a and will actually discard it if there are no
references to my_f.  But doing the same thing with the pure bytecode
compiler ocamlc is very hard: there is no standard API to examine
the dependencies of DLLs, and the C part of a library can reference
directly functions form the C part of another library.

- Xavier Leroy
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