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[Caml-list] shared libraries [pcre-ocaml]
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Date: -- (:)
From: John Max Skaller <skaller@o...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] shared libraries [pcre-ocaml]
Richard Nyberg wrote:

>Hello I've some problems with ocaml and shared libraries. I'm running
>a recent FreeBSD-4-STABLE and have ocaml 3.04 installed from ports.
>pcre-ocaml is built with shared libraries and is installed in
>ocaml's ld.conf contains the following lines:
>If I use ocamlopt to compile everything is fine but when I use ocamlc
>the following error occurs.
># ocamlc -o myprog -I +site-lib/netstring -I +site-lib/pcre \
>         unix.cma pcre.cma netstring.cma
>Error on dynamically loaded library: Shared object "" not found
>I ran truss to see the syscalls made by ocamlc (relevant bit below) and
>to me it seems as if it finds but not on which
> depends. However if I run ldconfig to include pcre-ocaml's
>installation directory everything works just fine.
>So, should I have to use ldconfig or is there something wrong?

Argg... crappy unix hackery. The dynamic loader typically searches for
relative filenames in the ldconfig'd search path, augmented by LD_PATH
environment variable. Absolute filenames just get opened directly.

You can see below that ocaml is manually stat'ing in places
it knows about before doing a dlopen on an absolute filename.
Unfortunately, it depends on another shared lib, and ld is
searching for that by itself.

It doesn't find it, since /usr/local/ocaml/site-lib/pcre isn't on the 
ldconfig path.
This suggests the binding to installed in is a 
filename. So does the ld.conf file above .. and if you run ldconfig on that,
of course now the load works.

Running ldconfig on the ld.conf file will work.
Another solution is simply to install in /usr/local/lib.
Another is to put a symbolic link there. None of these solutions is
very good ..

[Check out Python's mechanism for a much saner system ..]

>stat("/usr/local/lib/ocaml/site-lib/netstring/",0xbfbff524) ERR#2 'No 
>such file or directory'
>stat("/usr/local/lib/ocaml/site-lib/pcre/",0xbfbff524) = 0 (0x0)
>sigprocmask(0x1,0x28072c80,0xbfbff4e4)           = 0 (0x0)
>open("/usr/local/lib/ocaml/site-lib/pcre/",0x0,056) = 6 (0x6)
>fstat(6,0xbfbff494)                              = 0 (0x0)
>read(0x6,0xbfbfe464,0x1000)                      = 4096 (0x1000)
>mmap(0x0,12288,0x5,0x2,6,0x0)                    = 672776192 (0x2819c000)
>mmap(0x2819e000,4096,0x3,0x12,6,0x1000)          = 672784384 (0x2819e000)
>close(6)                                         = 0 (0x0)
>access("/usr/local/lib/ocaml/contrib/",0) ERR#2 'No such file or dir
>access("/usr/lib/",0)                ERR#2 'No such file or director
>access("/usr/lib/compat/",0)         ERR#2 'No such file or director
>access("/usr/X11R6/lib/",0)          ERR#2 'No such file or director
>access("/usr/local/lib/",0)          ERR#2 'No such file or director
>access("/usr/lib/elf/",0)            ERR#2 'No such file or director
>access("/usr/lib/",0)                ERR#2 'No such file or director
>	-Richard

John Max Skaller,
snail:10/1 Toxteth Rd, Glebe, NSW 2037, Australia.

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