Version française
Home     About     Download     Resources     Contact us    
Browse thread
[Caml-list] OCaml 3.05 released
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: -- (:)
From: John Prevost <j.prevost@c...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] OCaml 3.05 released
>>>>> "sj" == Scott J <jscott@planetinternet.be> writes:

    sj> What is meant by first first-class polymorphism?

First class polymorphism in this case lets you define values with
polymorphic types at levels other than the top level, like so:

type foo = { test : 'a 'b . ('a -> 'b) -> 'a list -> 'b list }
let a = { test = List.map }

# a.test;;
- : ('a -> 'b) -> 'a list -> 'b list = <fun>
# a.test ((+) 1) [3; 5; 7];;
- : int list = [4; 6; 8]
# a.test ((^) "a") ["a"; "b"; "c"];;
- : string list = ["aa"; "ab"; "ac"]

For objects, this allows you to define a list type, complete with map
method, as an object.  For example:

class ['a] clist x =
  object
    method map : 'b . ('a -> 'b) -> 'b list = fun f -> List.map f x
  end
let a = new clist [1;2;3]
let b = new clist ["a";"b";"c"]

# a #map (fun x -> x + 1);;
- : int list = [2; 3; 4]
# b #map (fun x -> x ^ "-");;
- : string list = ["a-"; "b-"; "c-"]

(Note: this is a very uninteresting definition if a list class, but it
should show you the kind of thing you can now do.)

John.
-------------------
To unsubscribe, mail caml-list-request@inria.fr Archives: http://caml.inria.fr
Bug reports: http://caml.inria.fr/bin/caml-bugs FAQ: http://caml.inria.fr/FAQ/
Beginner's list: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ocaml_beginners