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[Caml-list] Weak type, Open type
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Date: -- (:)
From: Jacques Garrigue <garrigue@k...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Weak type, Open type
From: "SooHyoung Oh" <shoh@duonix.com>

> While I've studying design pattern with ocaml,
> I made the followding 3 classes (PART1):
> (1) class virtual entry: base class
> (2) class file: subclass of "entry" class
> (3) class dir: subclass of "entry" class
> 
> I made some code using these classes on top level and it's ok. (PART 2).
> While I translate the top level code into new class definition (PART3), it
> makes some error.
> The error message is on (PART 4).
> 
> It seems that (PART2) is weak type and (PART 3) is open type.

Not weak: file_list has a weak type variable, but it gets immediatly
instanciated to entry; and add is really polymorphic.

> [Q 1] Is (PART2) is correct? I don't know why it doesn't make type error.
Yes. What's wrong?
Note that your #entry is meaningless, since it is immediatly
instanciated to entry. You could as well write entry list from the
beginning, or nothing at all.

> [Q 2] (depend on Q 1)
> Can I translate (PART2) into new class definition like (PART 3) without type
> error?

The problem is witht the polymorphism of add.
Implicit polymorphism is not allowed in methods.
You can either remove the polymorphism, or make it explicit.

No polymorphism:
class dir2 name =
object(self)
    inherit entry ()

    val file_list = ref ([]: entry list)

    method name () = name
    method add e = file_list := e :: !file_list
end;;

Explicit polymorphism (3.05 only):
class dir2 name =
object(self)
    inherit entry ()

    val file_list = ref []

    method name () = name
    method add : 'a. (#entry as 'a) -> unit =
      fun e -> file_list := (e:>entry) :: !file_list
end;;

Jacques Garrigue

> ============ (PART 1) class definition ===============
> class virtual entry () =
> object
>     method virtual name: unit -> string
> end;;
> 
> class file name =
> object(self)
>     inherit entry ()
>     method name () = name
>     method file_size () = 100
> end;;
> 
> class dir name =
> object(self)
>     inherit entry ()
>     method name () = name
>     method dir_size () = 3000
> end;;
> 
> =============== (PART 2) NO ERROR with weak type (?) ===================
> let file_list = ref ([]: #entry list);;
> let add e = file_list := (e:>entry) :: !file_list;;
> let _ = add (new dir "root");;
> let _ = add (new file "hello.txt");;
> 
> ================ (PART 3) ERROR with open type (?) ================
> class dir2 name =
> object(self)
>     inherit entry ()
> 
>     val file_list = ref ([]: #entry list)
> 
>     method name () = name
>     method add e = file_list := (e:>entry) :: !file_list
> end;;
> 
> ================ (PART 4) error message  ================
>     Some type variables are unbound in this type:
>       class dir2 :
>         string ->
>         object
>          val file_list : entry list ref
>           method add : #entry -> unit
>           method name : unit -> string
>        end
>     The method add has type #entry -> unit where .. is unbound
> 
> ---
> SooHyoung Oh
> tel: 02)583-8709, 042)861-8649
> cell. phone: 011-453-4303
> web: http://www.duonix.com
> 
> 
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