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Date: -- (:)
From: Nikolaj Bjorner <NBjorner@m...>
Subject:
I am pretty sure this is not related to references, but to let-rec.

Try:

let rec f x = x and g y = f y + 1;;

you will see that the type inferred is:

val f : int -> int
val g : int -> int

Now try:

let f x = x and g y = f y + 1;;

this time:

val f : 'a -> 'a
val g : int -> int

You may still be wondering why, of course.
The basic answer (I hope I am not too rusty in this)  
is that type inference for polymorphic let-rec is not decidable
(you have to solve a semi-unification problem).
Hence, the "solution" is not to abstract type variables  
until all type inference for all  
let-rec-and clauses have been analyzed.

So:

let rec f x = x and g y = f y + 1 and h z = not (h z);;

does not type check at all, but again:  
let f x = x and g y = f y + 1 and h z = not (h z);;
does work.


Nikolaj




From: Chris Hecker [mailto:checker@d6.com]
Sent: Thu 2/6/2003 5:31 PM
To: caml-list@inria.fr
Subject: [Caml-list] streams and value restriction




I assume I'm running into the polymorphism restriction thing here, but
I'm not sure why (I kind of understand it when references are in play,
but this is baffling me).

Here's a simple version of some stream parser code.  I'd like
parse_opt_comma_list to be polymorphic so I can use it to parse lists
of any of my values.  It works fine as a separate let rec, but if I
put it in the overall let rec of the main parser (with and) it won't
generalize and gets tagged as string-only since that's the first way
it's used.

Can somebody explain why this is a problem?  Sorry for being dense.

Thanks,
Chris


type t =
    Int of int
  | String of string

(* this works: *)
let rec parse_opt_comma_list parse list = parser
    [< 'Genlex.Kwd ",";
       a = parse ;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list parse (a::list) >] -> optlist
  | [< >] -> list

let rec parse_values = parser
    [< 'Genlex.String s;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list (parser [< 'Genlex.String s >] -> s) [] >] ->
         (String s) :: List.map (fun s -> String s) optlist
  | [< 'Genlex.Int i;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list (parser [< 'Genlex.Int i >] -> i) [] >] ->
         (Int i) :: List.map (fun i -> Int i) optlist

(* this doesn't: *)
let rec parse_values = parser
    [< 'Genlex.String s;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list (parser [< 'Genlex.String s >] -> s) [] >] ->
         (String s) :: List.map (fun s -> String s) optlist
  | [< 'Genlex.Int i;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list (parser [< 'Genlex.Int i >] -> i) [] >] ->
         (Int i) :: List.map (fun i -> Int i) optlist

and parse_opt_comma_list parse list = parser
    [< 'Genlex.Kwd ",";
       a = parse ;
       optlist = parse_opt_comma_list parse (a::list) >] -> optlist
  | [< >] -> list


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