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[Caml-list] feature wish: warmup in compiled code (symetrical of at_exit)
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Date: -- (:)
From: Basile STARYNKEVITCH <basile@s...>
Subject: [Caml-list] feature wish: warmup in compiled code (symetrical of at_exit)
Dear All

I have a simple wish for next Ocaml, and partly implemented it.

It would be to provide a function [at_warm_up] in pervasives which is given a
warming function and register it to be executed after all modules have been
loaded; and a function [do_warm_up] which when explicitly called
execute all the warming functions (not yet executed). And do_warm_up
should be implicitly called by the system after loading of all user
supplied (and library linked) modules.

For example with Caml files

################==> a.mli <==
(* file a.mli *)
val afun : unit -> unit
(* eof a.mli *)

################==> b.mli <==
(* file b.mli *)
val bfun: unit -> unit
(* eof b.mli *)

################==> a.ml <==
(* file a.ml *)
print_endline "in a.ml";;
let afun () = print_endline "in a.ml afun";;
at_warm_up ~descr: "inside a" (fun () -> print_endline "a.ml warmup");;
(* eof a.ml *)

################==> b.ml <==
(* file b.ml *)
print_endline "in b.ml before do_warm_up";
do_warm_up ~prelude: (fun n -> Printf.printf "prelude of %S\n" n) ();;
let bfun () = print_endline "in b.ml bfun";;
at_warm_up ~descr: "inside b warmup" (fun () -> print_endline "b.ml warmup");;
print_endline "at end of b.ml";;
(* eof b.ml *)

################==> c.ml <==
(* file c.ml *)
print_endline "in c.ml";;
A.afun ();;
B.bfun ();;
print_endline "end c.ml";;
(* eof c.ml *)

################################################################

Then I compile with (using my patched version of Ocaml)

ocamlc=/usr/local/bin/ocamlc

$ocamlc -c a.mli
$ocamlc -c b.mli

$ocamlc -c a.ml
$ocamlc -c b.ml
$ocamlc -c c.ml

$ocamlc -o _tryabc a.cmo b.cmo c.cmo

################################################################

Then I would like that
  ./_tryabc 
produces


in a.ml
in b.ml before do_warm_up
prelude of "inside a"
a.ml warmup
at end of b.ml
in c.ml
in a.ml afun
in b.ml bfun
end c.ml
b.ml warmup


in pervasives.mli I added

################################################################
(** {6 Warmup support} *)

val at_warm_up : ?descr: string -> (unit -> unit) -> unit
(** [at_warm_up descr f] registers the given function to be called at 
    program warm up, when all object files has been loaded and their 
    code executed; The optional [descr] is a descriptive string *)

val do_warm_up : ?prelude: (string -> unit) -> ?exhandler: (exn -> unit) -> unit -> unit
(** [do_warm_up ~prelude: p ~exhandler: exh ()] where both [prelude] 
    and [exhandler] are optional execute all the warming functions 
    registered with [at_warm_up] in ``first in, first out'' order 
    and clear the list of warming functions; so user code can call do_warm_up 
    several times; *)

################################################################




In pervasives.ml I added at end

################################################################
let warmup_list = ref []

let at_warm_up ?(descr="") f =
  warmup_list := (descr, f) :: !warmup_list;;

let do_warm_up ?prelude ?(exhandler= raise) () =
  let rec doall = 
    function 
	(descr, f) :: rest ->
	  begin
	    try 
	      begin
		match prelude with None -> () | Some p -> p descr
	      end;
	      f ();
	      doall rest
	    with ex -> begin exhandler ex; doall rest end
	  end
      | [] -> ()
  in 
  let wl = !warmup_list in
  let rec revloop l r = (* a list reversal *)
    match l with [] -> r | h::t -> revloop t (h::r) 
  in
  warmup_list := [];
  doall (revloop wl []);;

################################################################
The same above code should also go into the
extralib/threads/pervasives.ml also

The only thing that is missing is to incorporate into driver/main.ml
(and optmain.ml) the stuff which links after all user supplied (and
library linked) modules - so the compiler generates the equivalent of
the compiled form of a file _end.ml containing only 
   do_warm_up ();;
and adds the _end.cmo after all user & library stuff.

Actually this _end.ml could contain something like


  let curd = ref "" in
  Pervasives.do_warm_up 
    ~prelude: (fun d -> curd := d)
    ~exhandler: 
    (fun ex -> eprintf "Uncaught exception: %s in warmup %S\n" 
	(to_string ex)
	!curd; 
      flush stderr)
    ()



Actually, when coding multi-threaded stuff I find that such a feature
(which I feel symetrical to at_exit) very useful; in particular, this
enables to start the threads after having done any useful
initialisation.


-- 

Basile STARYNKEVITCH         http://starynkevitch.net/Basile/ 
email: basile<at>starynkevitch<dot>net 
alias: basile<at>tunes<dot>org 
8, rue de la Faïencerie, 92340 Bourg La Reine, France
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