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Date: -- (:)
From: Xavier Leroy <xavier.leroy@i...>
Subject: [Caml-list] Objective Caml 3.07 final release
The long-awaited final release of Objective Caml version 3.07 is now
available from

        http://caml.inria.fr/ocaml/distrib-3.07.html

Some of the highlights in this release include:

- Experimental support for recursive module definitions.
- "Private types", i.e. variant or record types that can be destructured
  but not constructed outside of their defining module.
- Browsing of inferred types (point to an expression in the source
  code and see its inferred type).
- AMD64 (Opteron/Athlon64) port of the native-code compiler.

A detailed list of changes is appended below.

Many thanks to the beta testers who gave this release a good shake.

Enjoy,

- Xavier Leroy, for the Objective Caml team.


Objective Caml 3.07:
--------------------

Language features:
- Experimental support for recursive module definitions
      module rec A : SIGA = StructA and B : SIGB = StructB and ...
- Support for "private types", or more exactly concrete data types
  with private constructors or labels.  These data types can be
  de-structured normally in pattern matchings, but values of these
  types cannot be constructed directly outside of their defining module.
- Added integer literals of types int32, nativeint, int64
  (written with an 'l', 'n' or 'L' suffix respectively).

Type-checking:
- Allow polymorphic generalization of covariant parts of expansive 
  expressions.  For instance, if f: unit -> 'a list, "let x = f ()"
  gives "x" the generalized type forall 'a. 'a list, instead of '_a list
  as before.
- The typing of polymorphic variants in pattern matching has changed.
  It is intended to be more regular, sticking to the principle of "closing
  only the variants which would be otherwise incomplete". Two potential
  consequences: (1) some types may be left open which were closed before,
  and the resulting type might not match the interface anymore (expected to
  be rare); (2) in some cases an incomplete match may be generated.
- Lots of bug fixes in the handling of polymorphism and recursion inside
  types.
- Added a new "-dtypes" option to ocamlc/ocamlopt, and an emacs extension
  "emacs/caml-types.el".  The compiler option saves inferred type information
  to file *.annot, and the emacs extension allows the user to look at the
  type of any subexpression in the source file.  Works even in the case
  of a type error (all the types computed up to the error are available).
  This new feature is also supported by ocamlbrowser.
- Disable "method is overriden" warning when the method was explicitely
  redefined as virtual beforehand (i.e. not through inheritance). Typing
  and semantics are unchanged.

Both compilers:
- Added option "-dtypes" to dump detailed type information to a file.
- The "-i" option no longer generates compiled files, it only prints
  the inferred types.
- The sources for the module named "Mod" can be placed either in Mod.ml or
  in mod.ml.
- Compilation of "let rec" on non-functional values: tightened some checks,
  relaxed some other checks.
- Fixed wrong code that was generated for "for i = a to max_int"
  or "for i = a downto min_int".
- An explicit interface Mod.mli can now be provided for the module obtained
  by ocamlc -pack -o Mod.cmo ... or ocamlopt -pack -o Mod.cmx ...
- Revised internal handling of source code locations, now handles
  preprocessed code better.
- Pattern-matching bug on float literals fixed.
- Minor improvements on pattern-matching over variants.
- More efficient compilation of string comparisons and the "compare" function.
- More compact code generated for arrays of constants.
- Fixed GC bug with mutable record fields of type "exn".
- Added warning "E" for "fragile patterns": pattern matchings that would
  not be flagged as partial if new constructors were added to the data type.

Bytecode compiler:
- Added option -vmthread to select the threads library with VM-level
  scheduling.  The -thread option now selects the system threads library.

Native-code compiler:
- New port: AMD64 (Opteron).
- Fixed instruction selection bug on expressions of the kind (raise Exn)(arg).
- Several bug fixes in ocamlopt -pack (tracking of imported modules,
  command line too long).
- Signal handling bug fixed.
- x86 port:
    Added -ffast-math option to use inline trigo and log functions.
    Small performance tweaks for the Pentium 4.
    Fixed illegal "imul" instruction generated by reloading phase.
- Sparc port:
    Enhanced code generation for Sparc V8 (option -march=v8) and 
    Sparc V9 (option -march=v9).
    Profiling support added for Solaris.
- PowerPC port:
    Keep stack 16-aligned for compatibility with C calling conventions.

Toplevel interactive system:
- Tightened interface consistency checks between .cmi files, .cm[oa] files
  loaded by #load, and the running toplevel.
- #trace on mutually-recursive functions was broken, works again.
- Look for .ocamlinit file in home directory in addition to the current dir.

Standard library:
- Match_failure and Assert_failure exceptions now report
  (file, line, column), instead of (file, starting char, ending char).
- float_of_string, int_of_string: some ill-formed input strings were not
    rejected.
- Added format concatenation, string_of_format, format_of_string.
- Module Arg: added new option handlers Set_string, Set_int, Set_float,
    Symbol, Tuple.
- Module Format: tag handling is now turned off by default,
    use [Format.set_tags true] to activate.
- Modules Lexing and Parsing: added better handling of positions
    in source file.  Added function Lexing.flush_input.
- Module Scanf: %n and %N formats to count characters / items read so far;
    assorted bug fixes, %! to match end of input. New ``_'' special
    flag to skip reresulting value.
- Module Format: tags are not activated by default.
- Modules Set and Map: fixed bugs causing trees to become unbalanced.
- Module Printf: less restrictive typing of kprintf.
- Module Random: better seeding; functions to generate random int32, int64,
    nativeint; added support for explicit state management.
- Module Sys: added Sys.readdir for reading the contents of a directory.

Runtime system:
- output_value/input_value: fixed bug with large blocks (>= 4 Mwords)
  produced on a 64-bit platform and incorrectly read back on a 32-bit
  platform.
- Fixed memory compaction bug involving input_value.
- Added MacOS X support for dynamic linking of C libraries.
- Improved stack backtraces on uncaught exceptions.
- Fixed float alignment problem on Sparc V9 with gcc 3.2.

Other libraries:
- Dynlink:
    By default, dynamically-loaded code now has access to all
      modules defined by the program; new functions Dynlink.allow_only
      and Dynlink.prohibit implement access control.
    Fixed Dynlink problem with files generated with ocamlc -pack.
    Protect against references to modules not yet fully initialized.
- LablTK/CamlTK: added support for TCL/TK 8.4.
- Str: reimplemented regexp matching engine, now less buggy, faster,
    and LGPL instead of GPL.
- Graphics: fixed draw_rect and fill_rect bug under X11.
- System threads and bytecode threads libraries can be both installed.
- System threads: better implementation of Thread.exit.
- Bytecode threads: fixed two library initialization bugs.
- Unix: make Unix.openfile blocking to account for named pipes;
  GC bug in Unix.*stat fixed; fixed problem with Unix.dup2 on Windows.

Ocamllex:
- Can name parts of the matched input text, e.g.
    "0" (['0'-'7']+ as s) { ... s ... }

Ocamldebug:
- Handle programs that run for more than 2^30 steps.

Emacs mode:
- Added file caml-types.el to interactively display the type information
  saved by option -dtypes.

Win32 ports:
- Cygwin port: recognize \ as directory separator in addition to /
- MSVC port: ocamlopt -pack works provided GNU binutils are installed.
- Graphics library: fixed bug in Graphics.blit_image; improved event handling.

OCamldoc:
- new ty_code field for types, to keep code of a type (with option -keep-code)
- new ex_code field for types, to keep code of an exception
    (with option -keep-code)
- some fixes in html generation
- don't overwrite existing style.css file when generating HTML
- create the ocamldoc.sty file when generating LaTeX (if nonexistent)
- man pages are now installed in man/man3 rather than man/mano
- fix: empty [] in generated HTML indexes

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