Version française
Home     About     Download     Resources     Contact us    
Browse thread
[Caml-list] polymorphic function not recognised as such
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: -- (:)
From: Benjamin Geer <ben@s...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] polymorphic function not recognised as such
Jean-Baptiste Rouquier wrote:
>    compare_things : thing -> thing -> ('a -> 'a -> bool) -> bool
> doesn't mean that comparison_fun has to be polymorphic, but it means 
> that any function with type ('a -> 'a -> bool), where 'a is any type, is 
> acceptable. For instance, the type checker would accept a function of 
> the type (char -> char -> bool).

OK, but it seems that the type checker has inferred the type of 
comparison_fun just by looking at its first use in compare_things, and 
has decided that it must be monomorphic; this is an incorrect inference. 
  My naive impression is that if the type checker was willing to accept 
both uses of comparison_fun as valid (or perhaps if it also looked at 
the places where compare_things is called), it would conclude that 
comparison_fun does indeed have to be polymorphic.  In that case, I 
would get a compile error if I tried to pass a non-polymorphic function 
to compare_things.  Would this be this asking too much?  (I suspect the 
answer is yes; I'm just curious...)

Ben

> [...]
> Benjamin Geer wrote:
> 
>> Can anyone explain to me why the following doesn't compile:
>>
>> ----------
>>
>> type thing = Int of int | String of string ;;
>>
>> let int_of_thing t =
>>   match t with
>>       Int i -> i
>>     | String s -> int_of_string s ;;
>>
>> let string_of_thing t =
>>   match t with
>>       Int i -> string_of_int i
>>     | String s -> s ;;
>>
>> let compare_things t1 t2 comparison_fun =
>>   match (t1, t2) with
>>       (Int i, _) -> comparison_fun i (int_of_thing t2)
>>     | (String s, _) -> comparison_fun s (string_of_thing t2) ;;
>>
>> let is_less_than t1 t2 =
>>   compare_things t1 t2 (<) ;;
>>
>> let is_greater_than t1 t2 =
>>   compare_things t1 t2 (>) ;;
>>
>> ----------
>>
>> The compiler says:
>>
>> File "test.ml", line 16, characters 38-39:
>> This expression has type string but is here used with type int
>>
>> It seems to have decided that in the function compare_things, 
>> comparison_fun is int -> int -> 'a because that's how it's used in the 
>> first pattern, not realising that I mean to pass a polymorphic 
>> function, 'a -> 'a -> bool.
>>
>> Is there a way to make this work?  (Specifying the type of 
>> comparison_fun as 'a -> 'a -> bool makes no difference.)
>>
>> Ben

-------------------
To unsubscribe, mail caml-list-request@inria.fr Archives: http://caml.inria.fr
Bug reports: http://caml.inria.fr/bin/caml-bugs FAQ: http://caml.inria.fr/FAQ/
Beginner's list: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ocaml_beginners