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Date: -- (:)
From: Damien Bobillot <damien.bobillot@m...>
Subject: Inter-module dependences
Hello,

I'm defining a graph structure compatible with the ocamlgraph library.

I want to be able to access all neighbors and edge to neighbors of a  
vertex in 0(1), so I think I need to store the outgoing edge list of  
each vertex in the vertex structure. I also need to be able to access  
the source and destination of an edge in 0(1), so I store these  
vertex in the edge structure.

A standard Caml will be :

type vertex = {
     label : int;
     out_edges : edge list;
     ...
} and edge = {
     label : int;
     src : vertex;
     dst : vertex;
     ...
}

However, in ocamlgraph, the vertex and edge type must be defined by  
modules of signatures (and I cannot modify it) :

module type VERTEX = sig
     type t
     type label
     val create : label -> t
     val label : t -> label
end
module type EDGE = sig
     type t
     type label
     type vertex
     val create : vertex -> label -> vertex -> t
     val label : t -> label
     val src : t -> vertex
     val dst : t -> vertex
end
module type GRAPH = sig
     module V : VERTEX
     module E : EDGE
     ...
end

Then the graph structure is generally created with a functor like :

module Make_Graph(V : VERTEX)(E : EDGE with type vertex = V.t) = struct
     module V = V
     module E = E
     ...
end

It works fine, but it doesn't respond to my problem : I want that V  
use a type from E and at the same time E use a type of V. So I write  
the following code :

module type MYVERTEX = sig
     include VERTEX
     type edge
     val out_edges : t -> edge list
end

module MyVertex = struct
     type edge
     type t = { label : int; out_edges : edge list }
     let out_edges v = v.out_edges
     ...
end

module MyEdge = struct
     type vertex
     type t = { label : int; src : vertex; dst : vertex }
     ...
end

module Make_MyGraph(V : MYVERTEX with type edge = E.t)(E : EDGE with  
type vertex = V.t) = struct
     module V = V
     module E = E
     ...
end

The compiler found an error on "with type edge = E.t" : "Unbound type  
constructor E.t". I understood it, E has not been defined yet, but I  
want to do that any way : if I suppress "with type edge = E.t", the  
V.edge and E.t types are not the same (and some other functions  
inside Make_MyGraph won't work).

I tried things like :
module Make_MyGraph(VV : MYVERTEX)(EE : EDGE with type vertex = V.t)  
= struct
     module E = EE
     module V = VV with type edge = E.t (*ocamlc doesn't understand  
the with keyword here*)
     ...
end

or
module Make_MyEdge(E : EDGE)(V : MYVERTEX with type edge = E.t) = struct
     include V
end
module Make_MyGraph(VV : MYVERTEX)(EE : EDGE with type vertex = VV.t)  
= struct
     module E = EE
     module V = Make_MyEdge(E)(VV) (*ocamlc doesn't accepte VV,
Modules do not match:
   sig type t = VV.t type label = VV.label type edge = VV.edge end
is not included in
   sig type t type label type edge = E.t end
*)
     ...
end

-- 
Damien Bobillot

Test.ml file :
===================
module type VERTEX = sig
     type t
     type label
end
module type EDGE = sig
     type t
     type label
     type vertex
end
module type MYVERTEX = sig
     include VERTEX
     type edge
end

module MyVertex = struct
     type edge
     type t = { label : int; out_edges : edge list }
end
module MyEdge = struct
     type vertex
     type t = { label : int; src : vertex; dst : vertex }
end
module Make_MyGraph(V : MYVERTEX with type edge = E.t)(E : EDGE with  
type vertex = V.t) = struct
     module V = V
     module E = E
end

(*module Make_MyGraph(VV : MYVERTEX)(EE : EDGE with type vertex =  
V.t) = struct
     module E = EE
     module V = VV with type edge = E.t
end*)

(*module Make_MyEdge(E : EDGE)(V : MYVERTEX with type edge = E.t) =  
struct
     include V
end
module Make_MyGraph(VV : MYVERTEX)(EE : EDGE with type vertex = VV.t)  
= struct
     module E = EE
     module V = Make_MyEdge(E)(VV)
end*)
===========