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Date: -- (:)
From: skaller <skaller@u...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Error binding socket
On Wed, 2005-11-09 at 13:33 +0100, Maurizio Colucci wrote:
> Hi there. For my free tennis game (http://freetennis.sf.net), I get an
> error binding the socket to a port. (Unix_error 50, "bind"). The error
> description is "address already in use".
> 
> This error only happens the *second* time I start the program. It is
> as if the port had not been freed and were still in use. The system is
> GNU/Linux Ubuntu Breezy.
> 
> However, if I wait about 1minute, or I start the program specifying a
> different port, the problem does not happen. It is as if Linux were
> freeing the port with a delay.

This is standard Unix behaviour. 

use the setsockopt() function, these options may help 
(from man 7 socket), I forget the Ocaml for this, but I know
it can be done because I had exactly the same problem myself once.

       SO_REUSEADDR
              Indicates that the rules used in validating addresses
supplied in a bind(2) call
              should  allow  reuse  of  local addresses. For PF_INET
sockets this means that a
              socket may bind, except when there is an active listening
socket  bound  to  the
              address.   When the listening socket is bound to
INADDR_ANY with a specific port
              then it is not possible to bind to this port for any local
address.

       SO_LINGER
              Sets or gets the SO_LINGER option. The argument is a
linger structure.

              struct linger {
                  int   l_onoff;    /* linger active */
                  int   l_linger;   /* how many seconds to linger for */
              };

              When enabled, a close(2) or shutdown(2) will not return
until  all  queued  mesā€
              sages  for the socket have been successfully sent or the
linger timeout has been
              reached. Otherwise, the call returns immediately and the
closing is done in  the
              background.   When the socket is closed as part of
exit(2), it always lingers in
              the background.


-- 
John Skaller <skaller at users dot sf dot net>
Felix, successor to C++: http://felix.sf.net