English version
Accueil     À propos     Téléchargement     Ressources     Contactez-nous    

Ce site est rarement mis à jour. Pour les informations les plus récentes, rendez-vous sur le nouveau site OCaml à l'adresse ocaml.org.

Browse thread
recursion/iterator question
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: 2006-04-17 (09:35)
From: Christian Stork <cstork@i...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] recursion/iterator question
On Mon, Apr 17, 2006 at 01:06:22AM +0100, Jon Harrop wrote:
> On Sunday 16 April 2006 22:11, Tato Thetza wrote:
> > Hi caml-list
> > Given a list, I would like to iterate over all triplets in the list. For
> > example, in mathematcs, its not uncommon to have expressions such as
> > "for all i,j,k in set X, do f(i,j,k)"

Just in case you didn't know, you're looking for an enumeration of all
"3-sets" or "combinations" out of the set X.  See for example
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Combination.html .

> > The only way I can think of is to create a list with all triplets of the
> > list, so:
> >   triplets([1,2,3,4]) = [(1,2,3),(1,2,4),(1,3,4),(2,3,4)]
> > and take this list and map a function f to it.

> > questions:
> > 1) what would be the best way to write triplets?

> As 3-tuples, as you have done.

Or, if you choose to represent triplets as lists of three elements, you can
generalize Jon's solution to

  let rec combs = function
      | (0, _) -> [[]]
      | (n, es) when n > List.length es -> []
      | (n, e::es) -> List.map (fun l -> e::l) (combs (n-1, es)) @ combs (n, es)
  let triplets es = combs (3, es)

Question to the rest of the list:  The ocaml compiler complains with 
  Warning P: this pattern-matching is not exhaustive.
  Here is an example of a value that is not matched:
  (1, [])
  (However, some guarded clause may match this value.)

Am I right to assume there's no way to get rid of this warning short of
disabling P-warnings on the command line?  (I can't list all the lacking
patterns since they depend on n, right?)

Chris Stork   <>  Support eff.org!  <>   http://www.ics.uci.edu/~cstork/
OpenPGP fingerprint:  B08B 602C C806 C492 D069  021E 41F3 8C8D 50F9 CA2F