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changing the type of records using "with"
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Date: -- (:)
From: Jacques Garrigue <garrigue@m...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] changing the type of records using "with"
From: Eric Breck <ebreck@cs.cornell.edu>

> I noticed the following behavior of the typing system:
> 
> # type 'a foo = {a: 'a; b: int};;
> type 'a foo = { a : 'a; b : int; }
> # let one = { a = (); b = 5};;
> val one : unit foo = {a = (); b = 5}
> # let two = {one with a = "Hello"};;
> val two : string foo = {a = "Hello"; b = 5}
> 
> i.e. "{one with ... }" can have a different polymorphic type argument  
> than "one" does.  This has been handy for me on a couple of  
> occasions, but is it a documented feature that I can count on working  
> in future versions of ocaml, or is it a quirk of the current version?

This behaviour is intentional. My interpretation of the reference
manual is that {one with a = "Hello"} should be strictly equivalent to
{a = "Hello"; b = one.b}. As a result I would say that requiring two.a
and one.a to have the same type would depart from this specification.

Jacques Garrigue