Version française
Home     About     Download     Resources     Contact us    
Browse thread
try .. finally ..
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: -- (:)
From: Alain Frisch <Alain.Frisch@i...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] try .. finally ..
Jon Harrop wrote:
> (* The function that returns unique identifiers *)
> let new_id = 
>   let counter = ref 0 in
>   fun () ->
>     incr counter;
>     "__finally" ^ string_of_int !counter
> 
> (* The function that converts our syntax into a single OCaml expression,
>    i.e. an "expr" node of the syntax tree *)
> let expand loc e1 e2 =
>   let id = new_id () in
>   let id_patt = <:patt< $lid:id$ >> in
>   let id_expr = <:expr< $lid:id$ >> in
>   <:expr<
>   let $id_patt$ =
>     try do { $e1$; None } 
>     with [ exn -> Some exn ] in
>   do { $e2$;
>        match $id_expr$ with
>            [ None -> ()
>            | Some exn -> raise exn ] }
>   >>

Note that this implementation breaks tail positions of e2 (when no
exception is raised in e1, one might want to preserve tail-calls in e2
-- or not)...

>   let unwind_protect f g =
>     let fin = ref false in
>     try
>       let x = f () in
>       fin := true;
>       g();
>       x
>     with exn when !fin ->
>       g();
>       raise exn

and this one too, and you want (not !fin) instead of !fin.

Why not:

let unwind_protect f g =
  match (try f (); None with exn -> Some exn) with
   | None -> g ()
   | Some exn -> g (); raise exn

?




In the original version, I believe one could always use the same
identifier, without any extra conflicts. In the second version, you also
need to reserve one identifier (unwind_protect); of course, you can
inline its definition.

> Is this a general observation about macros?

If you mean that regular OCaml abstractions are better behaved w.r.t. to
the binding of identifiers than Camlp4 macros, I'd say the answer is yes.

-- Alain