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Date: -- (:)
From: Jacques Garrigue <garrigue@m...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Strange performances
The problem seems to be in list_of_string.
If I write:

let list_of_string s =
  let rec list_of_string s i =
    if i < String.length s then s.[i] :: list_of_string s (succ i) else []
  in list_of_string s 0

I get a 10 time increase in speed for bytecode, and 5 times better for
native code, as one would expect. Out-of-bounds exceptions are
intended as fatal errors, do not try to catch them...

By the way, on my machine your version doesn't even work in native
code, I only get segfaults. This is allowed behaviour for
out-of-bounds access.

Jacques Garrigue

From: Benjamin Canou <benjamin.canou@gmail.com>
>   Hi,
> 
> The code following my message is way faster in bytecode than in native
> code. Is there a good reason for that or is it a bug ?
> Note : It is a (way too, I know) naive implementation of the well known
> string suite 1, 11, 21, 1211, 111221, ...
> 
>   Benjamin Canou.
> 
> === code ===
> 
> let list_of_string s =
>   let rec list_of_string s i =
>     try s.[i] :: list_of_string s (succ i)
>     with _ -> []
>   in list_of_string s 0
> 
> let rec trans = function
>   | '1' :: '1' :: '1' :: tl -> "31" ^ trans tl
>   | '1' :: '1' :: tl -> "21" ^ trans tl
>   | '1' :: tl -> "11" ^ trans tl
>   | '2' :: '2' :: '2' :: tl -> "32" ^ trans tl
>   | '2' :: '2' :: tl -> "22" ^ trans tl
>   | '2' :: tl -> "12" ^ trans tl
>   | '3' :: '3' :: '3' :: tl -> "33" ^ trans tl
>   | '3' :: '3' :: tl -> "23" ^ trans tl
>   | '3' :: tl -> "13" ^ trans tl
>   | [] -> ""
>   | _ -> failwith "bad input"
> 
> let rec print n s =
>   print_endline s ;
>   if n > 0 then print (pred n) (trans (list_of_string s))
>     
> let _ = print 30 "1"
> 
> === perfs ===
> 
> benjamin@benjamin-laptop:~/Work/Stuff$ ocamlopt 123.ml -o 123
> benjamin@benjamin-laptop:~/Work/Stuff$ time ./123
> [...]
> real    0m5.245s
> user    0m4.944s
> sys     0m0.016s
> benjamin@benjamin-laptop:~/Work/Stuff$ ocamlc 123.ml -o 123
> benjamin@benjamin-laptop:~/Work/Stuff$ time ./123
> [...]
> real    0m1.097s
> user    0m0.840s
> sys     0m0.008s
> benjamin@benjamin-laptop:~/Work/Stuff$ ocaml -version
> The Objective Caml toplevel, version 3.09.2