Version française
Home     About     Download     Resources     Contact us    
Browse thread
How to wrap around C++?
[ Home ] [ Index: by date | by threads ]
[ Search: ]

[ Message by date: previous | next ] [ Message in thread: previous | next ] [ Thread: previous | next ]
Date: -- (:)
From: Luca de Alfaro <luca@d...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Re: How to wrap around C++?
Thank you Guillaume.
The reason why it is complex for me to use C/C++ inside Ocaml is that it is
a huge, and hugely complex, body of C/C++ code, that comes with all sort of
nonstandard things, and with its own entire build process.  It is not clear
to me what happens if the main file is not some very special setup that
C/C++ is using.  I will look into it, but the difficulty is determined by
the conventions and build process of the C/C++ I have to deal with.

Luca

On Mon, Feb 8, 2010 at 9:44 AM, Guillaume Yziquel <
guillaume.yziquel@citycable.ch> wrote:

> Luca de Alfaro a écrit :
>
>> I am trying another approach... it might make more sense for me to embed
>> the
>> Ocaml into C++.
>>
>
> This is not the way you'll get the most help out of this list. People are
> more familiar with making C bindings. Making C++ bindings is rather close to
> it.
>
>
>  I have read the instructions, and it seems feasible, except that I have a
>> few questions:
>>
>>   - All I need to pass, as arguments, are int, float, string, and arrays
>> of
>>   these.  Any example of how to deal with the arrays?
>>
>
> You need to construct them from C side, and it's more a pain than taking C
> structs and wrapping them into OCaml.
>
> The manual describes the structure of OCaml values rather precisely. There
> are also some pages by Richard Jones on his blog which explain rather nicely
> the internals of OCaml values. One advice: stick to the macros provided. Do
> not try to construct manually, say, OCaml strings on the C side. Use
> caml_copy_string and friends.
>
>    - How can I return arrays, in a way that C or C++ understands?  How can
>> I
>>
>>   return tuples, i.e., how can I return multiple values from Ocaml to C?
>>
>
> These are documented in the manual and in Richard Jones' blog.
>
> For couples, you can do
>
>  value couple = caml_alloc(2, 0);
>> Store_field(couple, 0, my_ocaml_val);
>> Store_field(couple, 1, my_other_ocml_val);
>>
>
> For arrays, you'll have seamless integration by using Bigarrays.
>
>    - Finally, do I need to worry about the Ocaml garbage collector, if I
>>
>>   call Ocaml from C/C++?  Will it run every now and then? How can the
>> garbage
>>   collector know whether a value returned by an Ocaml function is still
>> being
>>   used in C/C++?  How can I tell it that it is no longer used?
>>
>
> Essentially, the garbage collector will run potentially each time you
> allocate an OCaml value. caml_copy_string? the GC may run.
>
> You have to register values being used on the C side as a GC root. It's
> easier and more documented to do it the other way round by calling C++ from
> OCaml.
>
>
>  The problem I am trying to solve seems to be a can of worms from whichever
>> angle I take it...
>>
>
> No.
>
> The solution I proposed with Swig is very verbose, but it is a clean
> solution if you do it manually.
>
> You have Makefile compilation instructions to compile C++ with OCaml (the
> main issue with C++ and the extern "C" is essentially the name mangling of
> symbols provided by your C++ object files. All the rest is pretty similar to
> C. This is really the *main* point).
>
> You have at the end of my last email and example of how to construct an
> object and feed it back to OCaml. It may not be really clean, it lacks
> finalisers, but these last two points are stuff that you're going to have to
> deal with anyway if you're going with the OCaml/C interface. Look up "custom
> blocks" and finalisation in the OCaml manual section concerning the C
> interface.
>
>  Luca
>>
>
> All the best,
>
>
> --
>     Guillaume Yziquel
> http://yziquel.homelinux.org/
>
>