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Ques from a beginner: how to access a type defined in one .ml file in another .ml file
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Date: -- (:)
From: Philippe Wang <philippe.wang.lists@g...>
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] Ques from a beginner: how to access a type defined in one .ml file in another .ml file
On Wed, May 12, 2010 at 12:30 PM, Tarun Sethi <tarunsethi01@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I m very new to ocaml and I am not sure if this the right forum to ask a
> beginner level question. I have tried reading tutorials and the manual but
> no help. Please help me on the problem below,
>
> In a.ml a record type t is defined and is also defined transparently
> in a.mli, i.e. in d interface so that the type definition is available
> to all other files.
>
> a.ml also has a function, func, which returns a list of t.
>
> Now in another file, b.ml  i m calling func, now obviously ocaml
> compiler wud nt be able to infer d type of objects stored in d list,
> for compiler its just a list. so in b.ml, i hav something like dis,
>
> let tlist = A.func in
> let vart = List.hd tlist in
> printf "%s\n" vart.name     (*name is a field in record t*)
>
> Now here i get a compiler error sayin "Unbound record field label
> name" which makes sense as compiler can't infer d type of vart.
>
> my first question: how do I explicitly provide d type of vart as t
> here?
>                          i tried doing "let vart:A.t =  " but got the
> same error.
>
> I also tried creating another function to fetch the first element of d
> list and mentioning return type as A.t, but then i got the "Unbound
> value A.t". I did this:
>
> let firstt = function
>      [] -> 0
>    | x :: _ -> A.t x ;;
>
> The problem is compiler is unable to recognize A.t (a type) in b.ml
> but is able to recognize function A.func. If I remove A.t from the
> b.ml, i don'get any compiler errors.
>
> Please help, its urgent work.
> Thanks in advance!
>
> ~Tarun

I guess this is not the right place to ask such a question... There is
a beginners' list.

However, this should answer your question :

write instead :
variable_name.Module_name.field_name

If variable_name has been defined in yet another module, you may write
YetAnotherModule.variable_name.Module_name.field_name

If you want to avoid module name prefixes, you may want to use "open" :

open Module_name;;
let foo = variable_namefield_name ;;

However (from my personal point of view) "open" should be avoided
because it often makes maintenance very tough.


About type constraints, the syntax is rather this :
(variable : type_name)
with parentheses most of the time.

-- 
Philippe Wang
   mail@philippewang.info