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6.2 Values

This section describes the kinds of values that are manipulated by Objective Caml programs.

6.2.1 Base values

Integer numbers

Integer values are integer numbers from -230 to 230-1, that is -1073741824 to 1073741823. The implementation may support a wider range of integer values: on 64-bit platforms, the current implementation supports integers ranging from -262 to 262-1.

Floating-point numbers

Floating-point values are numbers in floating-point representation. The current implementation uses double-precision floating-point numbers conforming to the IEEE 754 standard, with 53 bits of mantissa and an exponent ranging from -1022 to 1023.


Character values are represented as 8-bit integers between 0 and 255. Character codes between 0 and 127 are interpreted following the ASCII standard. The current implementation interprets character codes between 128 and 255 following the ISO 8859-1 standard.

Character strings

String values are finite sequences of characters. The current implementation supports strings containing up to 224 - 5 characters (16777211 characters); on 64-bit platforms, the limit is 257 - 9.

6.2.2 Tuples

Tuples of values are written (v1, ..., vn), standing for the n-tuple of values v1 to vn. The current implementation supports tuple of up to 222 - 1 elements (4194303 elements).

6.2.3 Records

Record values are labeled tuples of values. The record value written { field1 = v1; ...; fieldn = vn } associates the value vi to the record field fieldi, for i = 1 ... n. The current implementation supports records with up to 222 - 1 fields (4194303 fields).

6.2.4 Arrays

Arrays are finite, variable-sized sequences of values of the same type. The current implementation supports arrays containing to 222 - 1 elements (4194303 elements); on 64-bit platforms, the limit is 254 - 1

6.2.5 Variant values

Variant values are either a constant constructor, or a pair of a non-constant constructor and a value. The former case is written constr; the latter case is written constr(v), where v is said to be the argument of the non-constant constructor constr.

The following constants are treated like built-in constant constructors:
Constant Constructor
false the boolean false
true the boolean true
() the ``unit'' value
[] the empty list

The current implementation limits each variant type to have at most 246 non-constant constructors.

6.2.6 Polymorphic variants

Polymorphic variants are an alternate form of variant values, not belonging explicitly to a predefined variant type, and following specific typing rules. They can be either constant, written `tag-name, or non-constant, written `tag-name (v).

6.2.7 Functions

Functional values are mappings from values to values.

6.2.8 Objects

Objects are composed of a hidden internal state which is a record of instance variables, and a set of methods for accessing and modifying these variables. The structure of an object is described by the toplevel class that created it.

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