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Oddness with recursive polymorphic variants
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Date: 2006-05-04 (15:56)
From: Jeremy Yallop <j.d.yallop@s...>
Subject: Oddness with recursive polymorphic variants
I have two polymorphic variant types, as follows:

   type f = [`A | `B of f]
   type g = [f | `C]

Next, I have a function from f to g:

   let s1 : f -> g = function
     | `A -> `A
     | `B b -> b

Sadly, the compiler rejects this:

     Characters 57-58:
       | `B b -> b;;
   This expression has type f but is here used with type g
   The first variant type does not allow tag(s) `C

The error message seems odd.  Why should it matter that g has more tags 
than f, since every value of f is a value of g (by definition)?

Indeed, minor variants of the function are accepted.  Both of the 
following are ok:

   let s2 : f -> g = function
     | `A -> `A
     | `B (#f as b) -> b

   let s3 : f -> g = function
     | `A -> `A
     | `B ((`A|`B _) as b) -> b

Am I missing something, or is this a bug?