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Re: Threading and SharedMem (Re: [Caml-list] Re: Is OCaml fast?)
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Date: 2010-11-30 (12:55)
From: oliver@f...
Subject: Re: Threading and SharedMem (Re: [Caml-list] Re: Is OCaml fast?)
On Tue, Nov 30, 2010 at 09:10:36AM +0100, Stephan Houben wrote:
> On 11/29/2010 04:33 PM, Oliver Bandel wrote:
> >Zitat von "Gerd Stolpmann" <info@gerd-stolpmann.de>:
> >
> >>Am Montag, den 29.11.2010, 17:12 +0100 schrieb Oliver Bandel:
> >>>Zitat von "Gerd Stolpmann" <info@gerd-stolpmann.de>:
> >>>
> >>>You use shared mem(?), but you link only to *.ml files,
> >>>and I see no *.c there.
> >>>How can this be done?
> >>>
> >>>At least not via the libs that are shipped with OCaml?!
> Actually it can be done using the libs that ship with OCaml
> (Unix and Bigarray), although it is not 100% POSIX :
> let create_shared_genarray kind layout dims =
>   let fd = Unix.openfile "/dev/zero" [Unix.O_RDWR] 0
>   in let ar = Bigarray.Genarray.map_file fd kind layout true dims
>   in Unix.close fd; ar
> The resulting bigarray object is shared among subsequent forks.

Hmhhh... we started talking about Threads and SharedMem.
You mean even fork.... hmhhh

> This relies on the fact that mmap-ing /dev/zero is equivalent
> to an anonymous mmap.
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki//dev/zero
> Well, at least it works on Linux.

In APUE it's mentioned that memory mapped regions are inherited
by a child, when forking it. So it should work on all Unix-systems too.

There is one problem with this... when you have forked, then
you obviously have separated processes and also in each process
your own ocaml-program with it's own GC running...

..with such a mem-mapping trick (never used Bigarray, so I'm astouned it uses
mmap) you then have independent processes, working on shared mem without

This is a good possibility to get corrupted data, and therefore unreliable behaviour.

So, you have somehow to create a way of communicating of these processes.

This already is easily done in the Threads-module, because synchronisation
mechanisms are bound there to the OCaml API and can be used easily.

In the Unix module there is not much of ths IPC stuff...

(A thread-specific GC for thread-specific variables would help here,
 making global locks only necessary when accessing global used variables.
 But I don't know if such a way would be possible without changing the GC-stuff