Q: parametric types in simple functors?

From: STARYNKEVITCH Basile (Basile.Starynkevitch@cea.fr)
Date: Mon Jul 05 1999 - 12:57:08 MET DST


From: STARYNKEVITCH Basile <Basile.Starynkevitch@cea.fr>
Date: Mon, 5 Jul 1999 12:57:08 +0200 (MET DST)
To: caml-list@inria.fr
Subject: Q: parametric types in simple functors?

The subject title is poor. I have a concrete simple question.

(All CAML code is indented to the right here)
Consider

   type 'a symbol = { sy_name: string; sy_hash: int; mutable sy_prop: 'a option };;

This is essentially a symbol, memoizing its hash code for fast
access. Some structures are naturally hashed map, whose key are
symbols (eg bindings). We make symbols with

  let get_symbol n =
    try Hashtbl.find symdict n
    with Not_found ->
     let s = { sy_name=n; sy_hash=Hashtbl.hash n; sy_prop=None } in
      Hashtbl.add symdict n s;
      s
  ;;

The property field of symbols could be used the way you like it.

I want to define a binding as an hashtable mapping symbols to (say)
integers - or even any type 'b. But I can't code:

  module SymbolHash = Hashtbl.Make(
     struct
       type t = symbol
       let equal s1 s2 = s1 == s2
       let hash {sy_hash=h} = h
     end)
;;

Because the type constructor t has no argument in the
Hashtbl.HashedType signature.

Any comments or suggestions (could define a class abstract_symbol
with a subclass symbol holding the properties. But I don't want
classes because I don't need inheritance).

The intent is that the symbol properties would be defined in another
module. I don't want to fix the 'a in symbol_t here, yet I want to
make an hashtable whose keys are symbols.

In other words,

  why the stdlib doesn't give parametrized types for many modules
  (Hashtbl, Set...)

  when should I use a type constructor with an argument, or a functor?

Any comments?

N.B. Any opinions expressed here are only mine, and not of my organization.
N.B. Les opinions exprimees ici me sont personnelles et n engagent pas le CEA.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Basile STARYNKEVITCH ---- Commissariat l Energie Atomique
DTA/LETI/DEIN/SLA * CEA/Saclay b.528 (p111f) * 91191 GIF/YVETTE CEDEX * France
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email: Basile point Starynkevitch at cea point fr



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